Baiyah of an Ameer without any Government
English rendering of the Urdu
When Allah sent Prophet SallAllahu-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam and He SallAllahu-u-Alaihi- Wa-Sallam proclaimed his prophet hood, this caused tremors in the hall of atheism, conditions grew serious, relatives became enemies and conditions became so severe that, in Mecca people were looking for Prophet SallAllahu-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam in a manner that if they found him they would kill him. After seeing this situation, Prophet SallAllahu-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam didn't show himself openly.
The following Hadith makes it clearer to have the idea of that time:
Abu Zar RadiAllahu Tala Anho heard about a man in Mecca, claiming to be a Prophet, he proceeded towards Mecca to confirm for himself that whether that person is a Prophet or a liar.
Abu Zar RadiAllahu Tala Anho said:
"I kept on drinking Zam Zam water and stayed in the Masjid."
Abu Zar RadiAllahu Tala Anho said:
"Ali passed by me and said: 'It seems you are a stranger?' I said: 'Yes."
Ali RadiAllahu Tala Anho said:
"Let's go to my house".
Abu Zar RadiAllahu Tala Anho said:
"He proceeded to his house and I accompanied him. Neither did he ask me anything, nor did I tell him anything (that why I came to Mecca)."
Abu Zar RadiAllahu Tala Anho said:
"Next morning I arrived in the Masjid to ask about the Prophet"
Then three days passed like this then Ali said to me "What is the matter? What has brought you to this city?"
Abu Zar says, I answered Ali:
"If you keep it a secret then I will tell you."
Abu Zar said to Ali:
"We have heard that a person has appeared here, claiming to be a Prophet."
Ali said to Abu Zar:
"You have reached the right place, I am going towards him right now, so follow me, and enter wherever I enter."
Then Ali said:
"If I see someone from whom I fear for you then I will stand near the wall pretending to mend my shoes, and then you should keep walking."
Ali proceeded and I accompanied him till he entered a place, and I entered with him towards the Prophet.
To whom I said:
"Present to me Islam."
When he did, I embraced Islam immediately.
He said to me:
"O Abu Zar! Keep your conversion to Islam a secret, right now return to your city; and when you hear of our victory then come back."
"By Him who has sent you with the Truth, I will announce my conversion to Islam publicly amongst them"
Abu Zar went to the Masjid, where some people from Quraish were present and said:
"O people of Quraish! I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, and I (also) testify that Muhammad SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam is Allah's Slave and His Prophet."
"Stand up for
this agnostic (to beat him)!' They got up and beat me nearly to death."
Now this is only one view of the tremors in the hall of atheism.
2. 'Amr b. 'Abasa RadiAllaho Tala Anho said:
All the people were deviated and I was searching for the truth, I heard of a man in Mecca who was giving news (of the skies), then I arrived in Mecca.
The Messenger of Allah
SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam was at that time hiding and under strict
surveillance by the people; I secretly went to him in Mecca. I said to
him: Who are you? He said: I am a Prophet. I said: Who is a Prophet? He
said: I have been sent by Allah as a Messenger.
Amr b. 'Abasa said:
What is that which you
have been sent with? He said: I have been sent to join ties of
relationship (with kindness and affection), to break the Idols etc.
Beside this Amr b. Abasa said:
I intend to follow
you. He said: During these days you would not be able to do so. Don't
you see the (hard) condition under which I and (my) people are living?
You better go back to your people and when you hear that I have been
granted victory then you come to me.
This is an era when Islam is unknown and is dominated. People feared being murdered in accepting Islam. That is why Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam said to his people who had faith on him, to go back, as you read earlier.
Even in all these conditions, He SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam did not have any state and was powerless; and He SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam continuously used to take Baiyah and still Baiyah was being performed.
Life in Mecca and Baiyah:
Ibn 'Abbas reported:
Zamad came to Mecca
and he belonged to the tribe of Azd Shanu'a, and he was an exorcist. He
heard the foolish people of Mecca say that Muhammad
SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam is crazy. Upon this he said: If I were to
come across this man, Allah might cure him at my hand. He met him and
said: Muhammad, I can protect (one) who is under the influence of charm,
and Allah cures one whom He so desires at my hand. Do you desire (this)?
Upon this the Messenger of Allah SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam said:
Praise is due to Allah, we praise Him, ask His help; and he whom Allah
guides aright there is none to lead him astray, and he who is led astray
there is none to guide him, and I bear testimony to the fact that there
is no god but Allah, He is One, having no partner with Him, and that
Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. Now after this he (Zamad) said:
Repeat these words of yours before me, and the messenger of Allah
SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam repeated these words to him thrice; and he
said I have heard the words of soothsayers and the words of magicians,
and the words of poets, but I have never heard such words as yours, and
they reach the depth of the ocean; bring forth your hand so that I
should take Baiyah on Islam, then He SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam took
his Baiyah. The Messenger of Allah SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam said:
Your people's Baiyah? He said: I do Baiyah on behalf of my people too.
This is an era when Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam neither had any authority, power, resources of power, any sort of control, nor he could freely move and he was overruled. People tried to meet him in secrecy, learn the teachings of Islam and embrace Islam by giving Baiyah.
Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam said to Abu Zar RadiAllahu Tala Anho:
"Do you do Baiyah now? (If you give a Baiyah) For you there is heaven."
I (Abu Zar) replied:
"Yes", and I forwarded
my hand in front of him (and he took Baiyah)
You have read about Abu Zar RadiAllahu Tala Anho earlier that in how severe conditions he had reached Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam and gave Baiyah.
Above mentioned Ahadith proves that "Baiyah" is not subject to any kind of condition i.e. Authority, Government, power or rule, but when a person enters into Islam i.e. accept Allah as the supreme authority and consider Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam as His Messenger, so to make his word and belief more stronger "Baiyah" is to be taken. Because Baiyah means pledge, to sell ourselves and to obey the Ameer in "Ma'roof". In a nutshell, nothing remains with me, my life and my holdings are for Allah's sake, I will now just work for the sake of Allah and His Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam.
The debate also clarifies that Baiyah i.e. (Baiyah) has nothing to do with Khilafah that the Baiyah will only be given to the Khalifah. Some people insist that Baiyah will always be given to the Khalifah. Dear readers we have a question for such people, that why did the Khalifahs take Baiyah? Whether the performance of Baiyah was started by the Khalifahs or they used to take a Baiyah because of following the Sunnah of Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam? And off course they took Baiyah because of following the Sunnah of Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam and He SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam's Sunnah of Baiyah was without any government, power and control.
People who started this notion that Baiyah will only given to Khalifah have forgotten the Sunnah of Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam, just for the sake of their self-regard and obstinacy they are making such kind of talks otherwise the reality is in front of you.
Even if somebody said that this was the Baiyah for Islam and not for listening & obeying then the proof for such Baiyah is also present.
Baiyah in Mecca for Listening and obeying
Narrated Jabir Abdullah Ansari RadiAllaho Tala Anho:
"No doubt! Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam lived in Mecca for 10 years."
Announcing the statement that
"Whosoever of people gives me a place and who helps me out until I will convey the message of my Lord and for them in exchange is Heaven. Then he found none who would give him place nor help him out, even if somebody came from 'Mizr' or 'Yemen' tribe by journey to his friend then his people or relatives would come to him and say 'beware of the Man of Quraish so he might not deviate you', in a condition that He SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam walked in between the houses of these people and was inviting them towards Allah, these people would point him out by their fingers, till Allah had sent us from Yathrab to him. Then we gave him abode and asserted him. Then a person from us went to him and he recited Quran in front of him and he embraced Islam. Then he went back towards his people, and then they became Muslims by the propagation of Islam. Up till then there would be no house of Yathrab remained left but a Jamaat of Muslimeen had been established in Yathrab. Then these people had given power to Islam. Then Allah had erected us for him SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam. Then we counselled amongst ourselves, and then we seventy people gathered and met. We said: "We had left Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam and He SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam was whirling in the mountains of Mecca and he was in risk. Then seventy people made a journey towards him and met him in the season of Hajj. We vowed to him at the vale of 'Aqba'. We assembled one by one and in pairs of two before him. We said: "O! Allah's Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam on which matter you want to take Baiyah from us?" He SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam replied: "Do an oath that you will listen to me and obey me in circumstances which you like and in which you do not like and in conditions when you would not have anything or when you are well-off. On that you will command for good and forbid the wrong, and that you will be firm on Allah that is you will not care about the taunt by people and that when I come to Yathrab you will help me and what you save for your children and wives you will save it for me also. Then for you will be heaven. Then we stood towards him and gave Baiyah. Then He SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam held the hand of Asad bin Zarara RadiAllahu Tala Anho and he was the youngest among the seventy people.
(Akhbaar-e-Mecca vol.2 pg.206, Sanad Sahih, Majma-uz-Zawaid vol.6 pg.46, Narrated by Abu Ya'ala vol.3 pg.405 with Sahih Sanad, Extracted by Ahmed vol.3 pg.322 from the custom of Abdur-Razzaque i.e. narrated by Moamer vol.3 pg. 339-340 from the custom of Ishaque bin Eisa i.e. narrated by Yahya bin Sulaim and these two are narrated from Ibn-e-Khaseem and he narrates from Abu Zubair and he narrates from Jabir and these are the narrators of Sanads, and the narrators are authentic)
Apart from other matters Sahaba Karaams said:
"We swear upon Allah that we will never break nor we would snatch the Baiyah from others. Then we gave Baiyah to him SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam. Then He SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam held our hand and made it subject to obeying. Then on this basis He SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam promised us heaven.
I say meaning Haisumi says:
"Narrators of the
Sanads also narrate the part of it i.e. Ahmed and Bazaar, say: "In this
Hadith these words are also present that "We swear upon Allah we will
never leave this Baiyah nor we demand from any one to break it".
Abu Masood says:
"Promise was made to Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam at the point of 'Aqba' on the Adh'ha day, when we were seventy. Aqba bin Amir says, "I was the youngest among all" Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam came to us. Then He SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam said a comprehensive sermon and said: I fear from the atheists of Quraish for you. Then we said: "O! Allah's Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam ask from Allah for us, for yourself and for your companions and inform us about what will be for us and for yourself from Allah? Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam said: As far as my question to Allah for you is concerned that believe in Allah and do not ascribe partners to Him and far as my question to Allah for myself is concerned, I ask you that if you obey me I will tell you the right path and I ask you for myself and my companions that you will help us by what you have and save for us the same thing which you save for yourself and when you do this then from Allah and myself for you heaven will be indispensable. It is said that we forwarded our hands and gave Baiyah on all matters.
(Narrated by Tabrani and in this narration there is Mujaalid bin Saeed and Hadiths narrated by him are Hasan with a weakness in the chain, Majmauzzawaid vol.6 pg.48, Mujaalid bin Saeed is considered Saqa by Nasai and Imam Muslim has taken his narration when in accordance with Sahih Hadith, Narrated Tabrani vol.17 pg.256 and the Sanad is Sahih)
Aqba bin Amir also narrates the above-mentioned Hadith (Narrated Ahmed vol.4 pg.120 and the Sanad is Sahih with other supporting Sanads)
In another narration these words are also present:
Abu Haisam bin Nibhaan was the supporter of Banu Abdul Ash-hal, started talking to Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam. They said: "O! Allah's Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam we have a pact with people and we now break this pact. If we do this then is this misconduct? From this Allah will give you domination that you return back and leave us. Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam smiled, and then He SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam said: there is blood for blood and damage for damage. You are from me and I am from you. From whom you fight I will fight him too, to whom you give shelter I will shelter him too. Make twelve representatives from among you in a way that nine from are Khazraj and three from Oas.
Ma'Abad bin Ka'ab narrates from his brother he narrates from his father Ka'ab bin Malik. Ka'ab bin Malik says:
"The first of all who gave Baiyah to Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam was Baraa bin Ma'aroor. Then people gave Baiyah one by one. Then when we gave Baiyah to Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam, Shaitan screamed.
On the same matter another narration is:
Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam said: Make twelve representatives from amongst you. Then He SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam appointed them. Banu Najjar was appointed, from Banu Abdul Ash-hal Usaid bin Khuzair and Abu Haisam bin Nabhaan was appointed as representative and from Banu Amr bin Aa'uf Saad bin Heetah was appointed.
These are those companions of Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam who gave Baiyah in Mecca, before going to Yathrab meaning Medina, on life and death, on happiness and sadness, on giving every type of support, on giving help by wealth and by health, in a nut shell who gave Baiyah for every type of need. Moreover Ubada bin Samit and Asad bin Zarah narrate and say that:
"O! People do you know
on which matter you have given Baiyah to Prophet
SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam? From you Asad bin Zarah appointed as
representative, from Banu Salma Bara'a bin Ma'aroor and Abdullah bin Amr
bin Haraam appointed as representative, from Banu Sa'ada Sa'ad bin Abada
and Munzir ibn Amr appointed as representative, from Banu Zareeque Rafey
bin Malik bin Ajlaan appointed as representative, from Banr Hars bin
Khazraj Abdullah bin Rawaha and Sa'ad bin Rabe'e appointed as
representative, from Banu Aa'uf bin Khazraj Abada bin Samit appointed as
representative. You gave Baiyah that you will fight Arabs and non-Arabs,
humans and jinns. Then Companions of Prophet
SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam replied: "We are combatant for those who
fight us and we give peace to who gives us peace. Sahaba Karaams
(RadiAllahu Tala Anhum) said, "O! Allah's Prophet
SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam make the conditions. Prophet
SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam replied: Give Baiyah to me that you will
testify that no one is to be worshiped but Allah and I am the Prophet of
Allah, and that you will establish prayers amongst yourselves, pay
Zakat, listen and obey, and will not snatch Ima'ara from its rightly
holder and that whatever stuff you save for yourselves and your
households you will save the same for me also.
In the narration of this Hadith one narrator has been called by some as dhaeef and considered by others as Saqa. Imam Muslim has taken his Hadith with other supporting Hadiths and we also take his Hadith with other supporting Hadiths.
Ali bin Hussain RadiAllaho Tala Anho says:
Ansar (RadiAllahu tala
anhum) came and gave Baiyah to Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam at
the place of 'Aqba' (First). Then Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam
said: O! Ali stand up and take Baiyah from them. Ali RadiAllahu Tala
Anho replied: O! Allah's Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam on which
matters would I take Baiyah from them? He SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam
said: On the matter that to obey Allah and not to disobey Him, and on
the matter that you will save the same things for Prophet
SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam, his households and for his Children as you
save for yourselves and your children.
In the narration of this Hadith there is Abdullah bin Marwan. He is considered saqa by Yahya bin Moeen and by Abu Hatim (Tehzeeb) and considered saqa by Ibn Habban (vol.7 pg.21) (vol.8 pg.320) Therefore the Hadith is Sahih with supporting Sanads.
Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam himself, during his lifetime in Mecca, is taking Baiyah and his son in law by his permission is taking Baiyah from people. All the Hadiths are narrated in the most explanative way but still people say that Baiyah is to be given to the Khalifah. But the following words are clearly stating that Baiyah is for government less Ameer. E.g.
While taking Baiyah from people the Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam took the promise that:
You will obey Allah and will not disobey Him, and will help me, my family, my children, that you will fight with Arabs and non-Arabs, and fight with humans and jinns, preach and pronounce La'ila ha Illa Allah Mohammad-ur-Rasool Allah. You will establish Salat, pay zakat, obey and listen, and will not snatch Ima'ara from it's rightly holder and whatever you save for yourselves you will save the same for me also.
You will avenge blood with blood, and do damage for damage i.e. whosoever destroys our villages, makes us homeless or tries to devastate our houses then we will also take revenge from them. You are from me and I am from you. To whom you fight I will fight him too, to whom you give peace I will give peace to him too. You will never break the Baiyah and won't demand from anyone to break it.
Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam has taken the above-mentioned promises when He had nothing. Therefore it is concluded that taking Baiyah is in the time of weakness as in that time a man needs to have power. To get all the people who have embraced Islam, together, make them active and to be stronger, it is Baiyah that works.
Why the Denial of Baiyah?
Dear readers people think that if we do Baiyah then our independence might become in question, might be lost, even thou they already have lost their independence after accepting Islam, when a person becomes Muslim he bows his head towards Allah. Now whatever he does he will do in accordance with the wish of Allah, he is attentively ready for everything so readers his independence is already finished.
When he prays Salat with Jamaat he is bound to follow the Ameer or Imam, now all his actions and motions are done according to the Imam, he can't leave the Jamaat, if the Imam makes a mistake then still he is to be followed.
After becoming Muslim if he is well off then he has to pay zakat he can't escape from this obligation.
If it is the month of Ramadan then he has to fast he can't escape from fasting. If he hears Adhan he has to be punctual with it, perform ablution. In a nutshell Islam is itself a name of a complete system. And for accepting such system he has to make himself systematic. He can't escape from this system and when he considers himself compelled in accepting all these commandments of Islam then what is the hesitation that stops him from doing Baiyah?
Therefore do the Baiyah on the hands of Ameer Jamaat-ul-Muslimeen. This Baiyah is Sunnah, for Baiyah imposing the condition of Khilafah is wrong. From the above stated debate you can clearly understand the reality.
Therefore, All Muslims, by keeping in view the importance of Baiyah, should give Baiyah and make themselves enter the system of Jamaat and the system of aggregation.
Allah's Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam said:
"One who dies
without having bound himself by Baiyah (to the Ameer) will die a non
Abdullah bin Umer RadiAllaho Tala Anho said:
Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam said:
left Jamaat even the distance of a palm, he removed the chain of Islam
from his neck unless he reverted (to the Jamaat)."
Abdullah bin Umer RadiAllaho Tala Anho said:
Prophet Muhammad said SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam:
Whoever dies in a situation in which he doesn't have an Imam Jamaat upon
him, he would die a non Islamic death.
Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam says:
dislikes something of the Ameer, he should be patient because whosoever
left the Sultan meaning Imam even the distance of palm, he dies the
death of Jahiliyya"
Narrated Mua'viah RadiAllahu Tala Anho:
person who died without Imam, he died a non Islamic death"
Abdullah bin Umar RadiAllahu Tala Anho also narrates these words:
"A person dies and he
did not give Baiyah, he dies the death of Jahiliyya".
Aamir bin Rabi'a RadiAllaho Tala Anho narrates:
Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam says:
"Whoever died in a
state that he did not obey his Ameer then his death would be a non
Islamic death and if he after doing Baiyah broke it meaning broke the
Baiyah he had on his neck then he will meet Allah in a state that he
will not have any excuse (to save himself)"
Dear readers from the above stated Hadiths the following matters are clarified:
1. Who does not give Baiyah to Ameer his death will be the death of Jahiliyya.
2. To distance your self from the Jamaat even a size of palm is a death of Jahiliyya.
3. The absence of Imam Jamaat on anyone results in the death of Jahiliyya.
4. To distance your self the obedience of the Ameer results in the death of Jahiliyya.
Means that to break Baiyah, to leave Jamaat even a distance of palm, to disobey Ameer a size of palm and the absence of Imam Jamaat on anyone, are the same thing in the mater of punishment meaning that person is out of Islam.
Prophet SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam who is Rehmat-ul-lil-Alameen, Imam-ul-Anbiya, Sayyed-al-Mursaleen, Shafee-ul-Muznabeen, Habib-e-Ilah, Badr-al-Daja, Noor-ul-Huda, Al-Murtuza, and Ahmed Mujtaba Mohammad Mustafa SallAllah-u-Alaihi-Wa-Sallam has declared those who don't give Baiyah to the Ameer as out of Islam.
Therefore, do not waste time; save yourselves from the death of Jahiliyya by giving Baiyah to the Ameer of Jamaat.
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