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How to Perform Hajj?

 

How to Perform Hajj?

UMRAH:

To take provisions for a journey while leaving for Umrah.
(Surah: Al-Baqarah, Verse: 197)

Not to take the animal for sacrifice, while leaving with the intention to perform Hajj-e-Tamattu.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

Before leaving home to use fragrance free oil.
(Saheeh Bukhari)
Then to embark upon the carriage, say Allah-o-Akbar three times, and recite the supplication as under:

Purified is that Divine Entity which gave us control and authority over this carrier (carriage) although we could not have brought it under our control: and indeed we have to return to our Supreme Lord. O, Allah! We seek from you, in this journey, the virtues and piety; and ask for such acts as approved and liked by You. O, Allah! make this journey comfortable and short for us. O, Allah! You (our) the Companion in the journey, and the Custodian of our family. O, Allah! I seek, from the discomfort of the journey, from bad happenings and scenes, and from bad days, when in the midst of the family and wealth, Your refuge and protection.
(Saheeh Muslim)

THE AHRAM:

"Ahram" is that dress or costume which is attired while performing Hajj or Umrah. One who is attired in the Ahram is known as "Muhrim". Ahram is attired at fixed or appointed places (Sites). Each, of these places, is known as "Miqat". Zulhalifa is the Miqat for the people of Medina; Qaran-ul-Manazil for those from Najad, Hajfa for Syria; and Yalamlam for the people of Yemen.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

For Iraqis the Zaat-e-Arq.
(Saheeh Muslim)

For the Egyptians Hajfa.
(Nasai, Sanad Saheeh)

Those residing in between these Miqats and Makka-e-Moazzamah, should wear "Ahram" in their own locality (town, district etc); those living in Makka-e-Moazzamah from Makka-e-Moazzamah; and living and residing at places, other than those mentioned above, should wear "Ahram" from those Miqats, which happen to be on their way to the holy place.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

After having reached at Miqat to wash head with Khatmi (Khatmi is a sort of plant with pink flowers grown in marshy land) and put some oil on the head.
(Rawah Al-Bazzar, Sanad Saheeh)

Then to take bath.
(Rawah Hakim, Sanad Saheeh)

If wearing a saffron mixed perfume, then wash that for three times.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)
 

Then to use the best available perfume on head and beard.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

Then the man should take two such sheets which have not been scented with any saffron mixed perfume; and then to get attired in an "Ahram" with both sheets; with one to cover the head and upper body; and with the other make "Tehband" wear around the waist.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

To put on slippers, but not to wear any clothes except the two sheets; neither tie an Amama, nor wear a cap, nor wear socks.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

A woman may wear ornaments and all sorts of costumes.
(Abu Dawood, Sanad Saheeh)

But the woman neither to hide face, nor wear gloves.
(Saheeh Bukhari)

Both, man and woman not to wear any dress coloured with saffron and "Vars".
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

While wearing "Ahram" if any shine or trace of perfume is in head or beard, or fragrance of perfume is being felt from head or beard then it is all fair, and there is nothing wrong in it.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

Immediately, after having tied the Ahram to say:

(Saheeh Bukhari)

Then facing towards Qibla to say:

(Sunan Behqi, Sanad Saheeh)

i.e. say these words:

Translation: O, Allah! I am present. I am present for Umrah(3) or say these words twice:
(Saheeh Bukhari)

(Saheeh Muslim)

TALBEEH:

TALBEEH: These are the words uttered by pilgrims in the praise of Allah, on the occasion of Hajj.

Then loudly and continuously recite the words:

Translation: I am present, O, my Allah! I am present; I am present, there is none, who is partner to You. Indeed all praise and goodness is for You, and the Kingdom too belongs to You; there is none who is partner to You.

Then at times say this also:

(Ibn-e-Majah, Sanad Saheeh)


To stay for a day and night after having reached at the place known as "Zi Tawa", then in the morning, after Fajr salat, have a bath.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

Then the same day.
(Saheeh Muslim)

In the morning.
(Saheeh Bukhari)

From the direction of height, that after entering in "Batha", and passing from "Sanital Alia" and "Kada'A" enter into Makka-e- Moazzamah.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

TAWAF-E-KAABA:

MAKING A CIRCUIT OF THE HOLY KA'BA.

To perform ablution (Wazoo) after having reached Makka-e-Moazzamah.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

Then to come near Hujra-e-Aswad. (Saheeh Muslim) and say:

(Musnad Imam Ahmad, Sanad Saheeh)

Then to give a kiss to Hujra-e-Aswad and if not possible to give a kiss, to touch with the hand and kiss the hand.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

If it is not possible to touch even with the hand, then touch Hujra-e-Aswad with any stick. (Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim) and
kiss the stick.
(Saheeh Muslim)

If it is not possible to touch Hujra-e-Aswad even with the stick, then point towards Hujra-e-Aswad with any object.
(Saheeh Bukhari)

Then to pull the sheet out from the right armpit and put it over the left shoulder. (This process is called as "Iztibaa") and keep the left shoulder covered.
(Tirmizi, Sanad Saheeh)

Then to make a circuit around the Ka'ba. To start the circuit from the right side. While making the circuit, the Ka'ba should be on the left side. Then to cover the distance between Hujra-e-Aswad and "Rukn-e-Yamani, by running in a rigid and stiff manner. (This is called as Ramal), after reaching Rukn-e-Yamani, to touch that.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

Then, with normal gait, to start towards Hujra-e-Aswad.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

Then in between Hujra-e-Aswad and Rukn-e-Yamaani, to recite this supplication:
(Rawah Ahmad, Sanad Saheeh)

Translation: O, our Supreme Lord, bless us with goodness in this world, and the world hereafter, and protect us from the anguish and torment of hell.

Then after having reached at Hujra-e-Aswad, say and kiss that. (Saheeh Bukhari), or

To touch with the hand, and kiss the hand; or touch with the stick, and give a kiss to the stick. (Saheeh Muslim) or point with any object towards that.
(Saheeh Bukhari)

Then to make another two circuits in a similar way; that is to perform "Ramal" in the first three rounds, then complete four rounds with normal gait.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

Rest of the actions (functions) to be performed in every round, as performed in the first round. However, in the last four rounds also cover the right shoulder. Exposing of right shoulder is only linked to "Ramal".
(Abu Dawood, Sanad Saheeh)

When seven-7 rounds have been completed, then to come to Muqam-e-Ibrahim (the place, site, of Hazrat Ibrahim Alaihi Salaam) and to recite the supplication as under: (Saheeh Muslim)

Translation: And make the place of Ibrahim a place for offering prayers.

Then to stand in a manner so that Muqam-e-Ibrahim comes in between himself and the holy Ka'ba.
(Saheeh Muslim)

Then to offer two rikaat of salat.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

In these rikaats recite Surah: and . After the two rikaat of salat is over, again to give a kiss to Hujra-e-Aswad; or touch with hand or a stick, and kiss the hand or the stick, or point toward the Aswad with some object.
(Saheeh Muslim)

Then to go to the well of the Zam Zam, drink water Zam Zam, and pour some water on the head.
(Saheeh Muslim)

SA'I OF SAFA AND MARWA:

(The word "SA'I'" means endeavor, effort and purpose: It is the process which comprises running in between Safa and Marwa)

Then to come out from Baab-e-Safa and to go towards the Koh-e-Safa.
(Saheeh Muslim)

To Recite the supplication given below, when reach near the Koh-e-Safa:

Translation: Indeed, Safa and Marwa are one of the signs of Allah; and then say as:

Translation: I begin from where Allah has begun.

Then to climb up the Safa to a height from where Ka'ba is visible. Then to turn the face towards the Ka'ba. (Saheeh Muslim) and
raise both the hands.
(Abu Dawood, Kitab-ul-Hajj, Sanad Saheeh)

Then to narrate oneness of Allah by reciting then say and recite as under:

Translation: There is no Supreme Lord and Worshipful save Allah alone. None is no partner to Him; the Kingdom belongs to Him, and for Him to be all the praise; and He is the absolute Omnipotent. Only He is to be worshiped, and He alone is the "Remover" of all difficulties and problems; and He honoured His promise; helped his man; and He alone defeated all the armies.

Then to offer prayers; after prayers, recite the same words and pray; then again for the third time to recite the same words of praise and oneness of Allah, and pray.
(Saheeh Muslim)

Then to descend from Safa, and to start moving towards the Marwa; when has reached the center of the valley, start running.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

When the center of the valley is over, then to stop running; besides the central part of the valley, at times, walk briskly, and then slowly.
(Tirmizi, Kitab-ul-Hajj, Sanad Saheeh)

Climb up the Marwa slowly; and after having reached at the top of Marwa, do exactly what had done at Safa; and this way one round is over; after this, in a similar way, from Marwa go to Safa; this completed the second round; then similarly, from Safa to Marwa, then Marwa to Safa. Safa to Marwa, then from Marwa to Safa; from Safa to Marwa, in that way the last round comes to an end at Marwa.
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)

To recite, praise and oneness of Allah, every time climb up the Safa and Marwa in a way, as had done in the beginning at Safa.
(Musnad Imam Ahmad, Sanad Saheeh)

SHAVING OR CUTTING OFF THE HAIR:

Then to get the hair of head shaved or trimmed off, and then take off the "Ahram".
(Saheeh Bukhari)

Women not to get their heads shaved, just a little trimming off the hair of their heads.
(Abu Dawood, Kitab-ul-Hajj, Sanad Saheeh)

With the taking off "Ahram", all the restrictions linked with the "Ahram" too are lifted.
(Saheeh Bukhari)

"HAJJ": THE PILGRIMAGE TO THE MAKKAH:

The "Ameer" (Head of The State) to deliver the sermon on 7th of Zul Hijjah, and educate regarding the rites (ceremonies) of hajj.
(Rawah Hakim, Sanad Saheeh)

MIQAT: For those, performing "Hajj-e-Tamattu", Makka-e- Moazzamah is the Miqat. So these people should wrap up "Ahram" while still in Makka-e-Moazzamah.
(Saheeh Muslim)

AHRAAM: For performing Hajj, all the precepts regarding Ahram, are the same, as already described under the title of "Umrah"

For More Details Regarding Hajj & its Essentials Please See Details in Our Book
Hajj-ul-Muslimeen

 
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