Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated on
the first of Shawwal.
On the day of Eid-ul-Fitr, before leaving for Eidgah, pay the
Zakat-ul-Fitr; that one "SA'A" per head (2.5 Kg) of food grain like wheat
etc. On Eid day wear a fine dress, eat dates, in odd number, and leave for
Eidgah. While on the way, keep on reciting "Takbeer" loudly. In the
Eidgah, (the open ground where the Eid salat is offered) a spear to be dug in
the ground in front of the Imam. After having reached the Eidgah, offer two
rikaats of salat in the company (led by the Imam) of the Imam. In the first
rikat, before the recitation of Qirat, the Imam to say loudly seven
additional takbeers and in the second rikat, before the recitation of
Qirat, say five additional takbeers. With every Takbeer raise the hands
(Perform Rafa-e-Yadain). The Imam should recite Surah Qa'af (Surah) in the
first rikat and Surah Qamar in the second, or Surah "TA'ALA" in the first
and Surah Ghashia in the second. There should neither be an Azan, nor an
Aqamat for salat of Eid. After the salat, the Imam, facing the followers
(audience) to deliver the sermon, while being in standing position. The
followers, to continuously remain in sitting position. The salat to be
long, and the sermon to be short and brief one. During the sermon issue
commands and directives regarding military and important non-military
Women and the girls too, to be present in the Eidgah. Even, if unable to
participate in the salat due to menses, should sit separately, but join the
Muslimeen in saying Takbeers; and keep praying along with them. If the women
cannot listen (hear) the sermon, then the Imam should go near them, and also
advise them. The Imam should offer prayers at the end of the sermon.
After the sermon is over, all the people should return to their homes
through changed routes. No salat to be offered, neither before nor after
the salat of Eid. The salat for Eid is two rikat obligatory (Farz), and
its time is the same as that of "Ishraq"
When meet any one on Eid day say as:
greeting someone on Eid day
Translation: May Allah accept from us & you
(Reported in Tahni Atal Eid, Sanad:
Sahih- Buloogh-ul-Amaani Volume 6, Page 157)
In case, the news regarding sighting of the Eid moon has been received late,
and the time for salat of Eid is over, then next day, that is on 2nd of
Shawwal go to Eidgah, and offer there the salat of Eid. However, the fast
must be broken the moment the news about sighting of Eid moon has been
There ought to be, on Eid day, an expression of joy and happiness. There
should be a display of war games on Eid day, particularly on the day of
Eid-ul-Fitr. There is no harm if children sing to the tune tambourine.
Celebrate Eid along with all the Muslims. The Salat of Eid not to be
offered in a masjid.
Treat the day of Eid as a day of
blessings and forgiveness, and be an expectant for blessings and forgiveness
only after having reached the Eidgah.
Fasting on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr
is unlawful and prohibited.
If, due to some reason, has not
been able to complete Aitkaf in the last ten. (10) days of Ramadan, then go
for Aitkaf in the last ten. (10) days of Shawwal.
No fasting on Eid-ul-Fitr and
(Saheeh Bukhari, Saheeh Muslim)
The Fasts of "Shash Eid":
Any one, after having kept fasts
for the month of Ramadan, also keeps six fasts during the month of Shawwal,
is like a person who has kept fasts for the whole year.