Month of Ramadan
Virtue of Ramadan
When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven are
opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.
[Sahih Bukhari Volume 3, Book 31, Number 123]
Ramadan is a blessed month. In this month the Quran was revealed. In this month
there is a night which is very virtuous, blessed and peaceful. This night is
more virtuous then a thousand months.
[Surah Baqarah: ayah 185, Surah Dhukan: ayah 3, Surah Qadr, Nasai (Kitab ul
Siyam) Sanad: Sahih]
Whoever established prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping
for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven; and
whoever fasts in the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping for a
reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.
[Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 125]
Virtue of fasting
There is a gate in Paradise called Ar-Raiyan, and those who
observe fasts will enter through it on the Day of Resurrection and none except
them will enter through it.
[Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 120]
Allah, the Majestic and the Exalted, said: Every act of the son of Adam (Alaihi
Salaam) is for him except fasting. It is done for my sake, and I will give a
reward for it. By Allah in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad (SallAllah-u-Alaihi-wa-Sallam), the breath of the observer of fast is sweeter to Allah than the
fragrance of musk.
[Sahih Muslim: Book 006, Number 2564]
Every servant of Allah who observes fast for a day in the way of Allah, Allah
would remove because of this day, his face farther from the Fire (of Hell) to
the extent of seventy years' distance.
[Sahih Muslim: Book 006, Number 2730]
Rules and Regulations for Fasting
The month can be 29 nights (i.e. days), and do not fast till
you see the moon, and if the sky is overcast, then complete Sha'ban as thirty
[Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 131]
Whoever does not give up forged speech and evil actions, Allah is not in need of
his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah will not accept his fasting.)
[Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 127]
If one of you is fasting, he should avoid quarreling, and if somebody should
fight or quarrel with him, he should say, 'I am fasting'.
[Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 128]
None of you should fast a day or two before the month of Ramadan unless he has
the habit of fasting (Nawafil) (and if his fasting coincides with that day) then
he can fast that day.
[Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 138]
You can kiss your wife while fasting
[Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 150]
If somebody eats or drinks forgetfully then he should complete his fast, for
what he has eaten or drunk, has been given to him by Allah.
[Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 154]
A person who breaks the fast in Ramadan should free a slave or observe fasts for
two (consecutive) months or feed sixty poor persons.
[Sahih Muslim: Book 006, Number 2461]
If one has a sudden attack of vomiting while one is fasting, no atonement is
required of him, but if he vomits intentionally he must make atonement.
[Abu Dawood, Tirmizi, also narrated in Sahih Jama ul Sagheer by Albani, Sanad:
If during fasting a person vomits or has a wet dream, he still should complete
[Narrated by Abu Saeed, Dar Qutni (Kitab ul Siyam) Sanad Sahih]
Time for ending suhur is when the white streak becomes
distinct from the dark streak for you.
[Surah Baqarah, ayah 187]
When the night approaches and the day retreats and the sun
sinks down, then the observer of the fast should break it.
[Sahih Muslim: Book
006, Number 2421]
Uninterrupted fasting is forbidden.
[Sahih Muslim: Book 006,
The people will remain on the right path as long as they
hasten the breaking of the fast.
[Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 178]
Open your fast with dates, if it is not possible with dates then with water,
dates is blessed and water purifies.
[Tirmizi (Kitab ul Zakat) and Abu Dawood (Kitab ul Saum), Sanad: Sahih]
No fasting is permissible on the two days of Id-ul-Fitr and 'Id-ul-Adha.
[Sahih Bukhari: Volume 3, Book 31, Number 215]
The difference between our fasting and that of the people of the Book is eating
shortly before dawn and the meal is blessed.
[Sahih Muslim: Book 006, Number 2412-2413]
There should be a time span of at least fifty verses between our Suhur and
observing of salat.
[Sahih Muslim: Book 006, Number 2415]
A person can observe fast who is in a state of janabat (on account of
intercourse) and the dawn breaks upon him.
[Sahih Muslim: Book 006, Number 2453]
During a journey a person can fast if likes and break it if likes.
Muslim: Book 006, Number 2488]
To feed a person fasting to open his fast is righteous, the reward for it is the
same as the person fasting while no reward is deducted from the person fasting.
[Tirmizi (Kitab ul Saum), Imam Tirmizi declared this hadith Sahih]
To eat near a person fasting is allowed, till the eating of
food is done near the person fasting Angels will keep praying for blessing for
[Tirmizi (Kitab ul Saum), Imam Tirmizi declared this hadith
Supplications for fasting
Zahabaz zamaao wabtalateyl urooko wa sabat al ajro
[Tirmizi (Kitab ul Zakat) and Abu Dawood (Kitab ul Saum) Sanad: Sahih]
The above supplication is for opening fast while the other narrated by almost
Allahumma ini laka sumtu wabika amuntu wo elieka tawakkaltu wa ala
We are yet to find these words in any hadith whether in a Sahih, dhaeef or
If any one knows from where this has originated, please do
let us know, there are some words similar to it found in a hadith in Abu Dawood
but it is Mursal dhaeef.
Note: VERBAL DECLARATION OF KEEPING FAST IS BIDAH